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Vitamin b12 for dogs
Vitamin b12 for dogs
How do I tell if my dog is missing vitamin b12?
Vitamin b12 deficiency causes symptoms that mimic many other disorders in older dogs. Because of the age-related changes that often affect dogs (such as decreased kidney function and increased liver enzymes), your veterinarian may ask you to watch for these symptoms:
Slowed or labored breathing
Increased heart rate
Reduced growth rate
Dry, flaky skin
Chew or scratch the lips, gums or other mucous membranes
Your veterinarian will be able to check your dog for these symptoms and can diagnose your dog’s b12 status by testing a drop of his/her blood. A blood test is the simplest and most accurate way to diagnose and manage a deficiency. If your dog has a b12 deficiency, his/her blood will have a low vitamin b12 level.
Blood tests can also help predict the success of treatment. A dog that has a low blood level of vitamin b12 will usually need to receive a vitamin b12 injection to be successfully treated.
What does my dog need?
Your dog has two mn needs for b12:
Your dog needs enough b12 in his/her blood to function normally. The lower the blood level of vitamin b12, the more severe the signs and symptoms of b12 deficiency. If a b12 injection is administered and your dog shows improvement, the treatment is considered successful. A b12 injection should be repeated every 3 months to mntn its effectiveness.
A b12 injection will be effective if administered to your dog as soon as he/she is diagnosed with a b12 deficiency. This injection should be given in the same place as the first one, and you may need to give a second injection to ensure that your dog has received the correct dosage of b12. The effectiveness of the second injection will depend on the length of time that has passed since your dog received the first injection.
The normal blood level of b12 in adult dogs is about 40 to 80 ng/mL. Most adult dogs should have a blood level that is between 50 and 100 ng/mL. The upper limit of normal blood level in dogs varies by breed, sex, age and individual.
Most dogs with low blood levels of b12 don’t require a b12 injection. However, in some situations, the low blood level of b12 will lead to b12 deficiency that will not resolve with time.
Vitamin b12 is usually well tolerated in dogs. Some dogs who are allergic to egg products are sensitive to b12 and may have symptoms such as itchy skin after a b12 injection.
What else is important for my dog?
Along with b12, your dog also needs some other vitamins and minerals for good health. In addition to having enough b12 in his/her blood, your dog needs certn vitamins and minerals, such as zinc and phosphorus, for growth and development. Your veterinarian will recommend a dietary supplement for your dog that will include all the required nutrients for your dog’s age and size.
Vitamin b12 for dogs
What are some other things that affect my dog’s blood level of b12?
Some medications can affect a dog’s blood level of b12, so always check with your veterinarian before giving your dog any medications. These include certn vaccines, diuretics, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen. If your dog is already taking these medications, your veterinarian may recommend a b12 injection.
Pregnant and lactating dogs are often advised to avoid foods that contn large amounts of vitamin b12 because these foods can lead to b12 deficiency in puppies.
Some dogs have inherited problems that affect their b12 level, such as certn genetic disorders, which can lead to a low level of vitamin b12 in the blood. If your dog has one of these problems, you should consult with a veterinarian who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.
What do I do if my dog is diagnosed with vitamin b12 deficiency?
A b12 deficiency is usually treated with an injection of vitamin b12, which can be given by your veterinarian or by a veterinary technician. Your veterinarian will want to check your dog’s blood level of b12, and he/she may also check the dog’s liver function and kidney function as well. These tests will be needed to make sure your dog is not having an allergic reaction to the injection, and to find out how bad the vitamin b12 deficiency is.
A dog who has a b12 deficiency can be treated with a single injection, a series of injections or injections that continue until the deficiency resolves.
A single injection of vitamin b12 will usually correct a b12 deficiency within several days, or as soon as possible. The time it takes for a single injection to correct a deficiency will depend on the length of time that your dog has had a low level of vitamin b12. In general, dogs who receive a single injection within a few days of diagnosis will respond rapidly.
To be sure your dog has a good response to a single injection of b12, your veterinarian will want to check his/her blood level of vitamin b12 at 2 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and 8 months after the initial injection. If your dog has a low level of blood b12 after a single injection, you should consider another injection to ensure that your dog will be adequately treated.
If your dog shows signs of improvement after receiving a single injection, your veterinarian may suggest repeating the injection at 3-month intervals.
Your veterinarian may recommend a second injection of vitamin b12 if your dog still has a low blood level of vitamin b12 after a single injection. A second injection should be given in the same place as the first, and your veterinarian will want to